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Bipolar Disorder

Effects of Public Awareness and Stigmatization on Accurate and Timely Diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder

Effects of Public Awareness and Stigmatization on Accurate and Timely Diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder



Hey there! Today, we’re going to talk about bipolar disorder. It’s a bit of a mouthful, but don’t worry, we’ll break it down together. This disorder is like a rollercoaster ride for your emotions, but it’s more than just feeling up and down. Let’s explore how knowing about this disease and dealing with the way people think about it can impact getting the right help.

Understanding Bipolar Disorder

Imagine your moods are like a seesaw. Sometimes you feel high, full of energy, and excited about everything. Other times, you might feel low, sad, and like you just can’t get out of bed. That’s what this disorder is like – it’s a condition where your moods swing between these extremes. There are different types of bipolar disorder, like Bipolar I, Bipolar II, and Cyclothymic Disorder, but they all involve these mood swings.


Now, let’s dive into the symptoms. These can vary depending on the type of disorder and the phase of the mood cycle. Common symptoms include:

Manic Episodes:
● Feeling overly happy
● Increased energy and activity levels
● Racing thoughts and ideas
● Reduced need for sleep
● Impulsivity and risk-taking behavior
● Difficulty focusing or concentrating
● Irritability or agitation

Depressive Episodes:
● Persistent sadness or hopelessness
● Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed
● Fatigue or loss of energy
● Changes in appetite or weight
● Difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much
● Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
● Thoughts of death or suicide

Hypomanic Episodes (in Bipolar II Disorder):

Similar symptoms to manic episodes but less severe
● Increased productivity or creativity
● Elevated mood that is noticeable to others
● Risky behavior, but not to the extent of mania

These symptoms can significantly impact daily functioning and quality of life, making it essential to recognize and address them.

The Role of Public Awareness

Now, let’s talk about why people need to know about bipolar disorder. When more people understand what it is and how it affects people, it’s easier for someone with bipolar disorder to recognize what’s going on and get help. There are lots of campaigns and programs out there trying to spread the word about bipolar disorder. These efforts help people realize that having bipolar disorder is nothing to be ashamed of, and it encourages them to seek support when they need it.

Disadvantages of Bipolar Disorder

Disruption of Daily Functioning: This disorder can significantly disrupt an individual’s daily life, impacting their ability to maintain employment, attend school, manage household responsibilities, and engage in social activities. Fluctuations in mood and energy levels can make it challenging to maintain consistent routines and meet obligations.

Impaired Relationships: The intense mood swings associated with bipolar disorder can strain interpersonal relationships. During manic episodes, individuals may engage in impulsive or reckless behavior that puts strain on relationships, while depressive episodes can lead to withdrawal and isolation. Difficulty regulating emotions and unpredictable mood shifts can make it challenging to maintain stable, healthy relationships with family, friends, and romantic partners.

Increased Risk of Substance Abuse: Individuals with this disease are at a higher risk of developing co-occurring substance use disorders. Some may turn to drugs or alcohol as a means of self-medicating to cope with mood symptoms, leading to further complications in treatment and recovery.

Financial Burden: This disease can impose a significant financial burden on individuals and families. Costs associated with psychiatric treatment, therapy, medication, and hospitalization can accumulate over time. Additionally, the inability to maintain stable employment due to mood fluctuations can lead to financial instability and economic hardship.

Health Complications: Untreated or poorly managed bipolar disorder can lead to various health complications. Chronic stress, sleep disturbances, and unhealthy lifestyle habits associated with the condition can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, and other physical health problems. Additionally, individuals with this disease may be at a higher risk of engaging in self-harming behaviors during depressive episodes.

Impact on Academic and Occupational Achievement: Bipolar disorder can interfere with academic and occupational achievement, affecting individuals’ ability to reach their full potential. Fluctuating mood states may result in decreased productivity, difficulty concentrating, and absenteeism from work or school. This can hinder career advancement opportunities and academic performance.

Increased Risk of Suicide: Individuals with bipolar disorder are at a higher risk of suicide than the general population. Severe depressive episodes, combined with feelings of hopelessness, worthlessness, and despair, can lead to suicidal ideation and attempts. Individuals with the disorder need to receive timely and appropriate mental health support and intervention to mitigate this risk.

Overall, bipolar disorder presents numerous challenges and disadvantages for those affected, impacting various aspects of their lives, including relationships, finances, physical health, and overall well-being. However, with proper diagnosis, treatment, and support, individuals with this disorder can manage their symptoms effectively and lead fulfilling lives.

Stigmatization: A Barrier to Diagnosis

Unfortunately, there’s still a lot of misunderstanding and stigma around bipolar disorder. Stigma means that some people have negative ideas or judgments about something – in this case, bipolar disorder. Because of this stigma, some folks might feel embarrassed or scared to talk about how they’re feeling. They might worry that others will think they’re “crazy” or treat them differently. This fear of being judged or discriminated against can make it hard for someone with bipolar disorder to reach out for help.

Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

Getting the right diagnosis for bipolar disorder can be tough. Sometimes, the symptoms are mistaken for something else, like depression or just being moody. This can delay someone from getting the right treatment they need to feel better. It’s like trying to fix a car without knowing what’s wrong with it – you might make things worse instead of better. That’s why it’s so important for doctors to listen carefully to how someone is feeling and to consider all possibilities.

Strategies for Overcoming Stigma

But don’t worry, there are things we can do to change the way people think about bipolar disorder. Education is key – the more people learn about bipolar disorder, the less scary it seems. We can also challenge stereotypes and speak out against discrimination. By sharing our stories and supporting each other, we can create a world where everyone feels accepted and understood, no matter what they’re going through.

Empowering Individuals and Communities

If you or someone you know has bipolar disorder, remember that you’re not alone. Support groups, hotlines, and resources are available to help you navigate your journey. Reach out to friends, family, or a trusted healthcare provider for support. Together, we can create a community where everyone feels valued and supported, regardless of their mental health.


So, there you have it – bipolar disorder in a nutshell. Remember, it’s okay to talk about how you’re feeling, and it’s okay to ask for help when you need it. By raising awareness and fighting stigma, we can ensure everyone gets the support they deserve. So let’s keep the conversation going and work towards a world where everyone understands, accepts, and supports mental health.


I realized I had bipolar disorder when my son was about 6 months old. I was feeling very good at one time, able to accomplish so much. I slept little and still had so much energy. My mind was constantly going. I would get upset easily at my husband for small things and be a different me infact unusual me. I finally was reading an article about bipolar and what the symptoms were. I recognized that this was me. I went to my friend and she suggested me to prefer Shanti Home. Then Shanti Home gave me with the right guidance and medication to help me be balanced.


I am Garima Bajaj daughter of Mrs. Santosh Kapoor My mom is the best mother a person can ever dream of. She is a kind soft-spoken, humble and loving lady. My mother had 2 daughters me and my younger sister Meenu Kapoor, who is in the USA. As a child my whole world revolved around her, she was there for me every time I needed her. She taught us to be good human beings, and never to give hope before trying. Whatever I am today, I am because of her. It is difficult for me to find words to express what she is to me. She ran a primary wing school, that school was doing quite well, looked after us, her husband and she did all her tasks with perfection. My father died when she was 56 years, and that was a major setback in her life. From the outside she looked strong as she had to take care of her younger daughter, she had to marry her, but inside she took a lot of tension, which I think affected her memory loss problem. After my sister got married, she was left all alone, that thought that all have gone leaving me alone was a major cause of her Dementia problem. I sold her house in Amritsar and bought her a flat in Gurgaon near my house so that she does not feel lonely, she never complained but she missed Amritsar, which also triggered her memory loss problem. She was not able to take care of her house, so I brought her to live at my place. Initially, I was not aware of the disease and the problems related to them, as the disease progressed problems related to the disease came up, and her behavior changed, she became hyper, was restless the whole day, and repeated the same thing again and again. Then I came to know about Shanti Home. It was a place for dementia patients. I talked to the doctors they were all very helpful to me. They suggested I keep her there for some period as these patients need a lot of care and monitoring which is not possible at home, so I kept her there, she was given good care at Shanti Home, her behavior also improved, there the patients are made to do a lot of activities which keep their mind involved which is very helpful for them, they have a specific area for these brain activities, this is a boom for these patients, I especially thank all the doctors at Shanti Home for their help and support, it has been a great help to me, I think Govt must also take some steps to help fight against this deadly disease. Regards Garima Bajaj

Mrs. Santosh Kapoor (Garima Bajaj)

I have been their patient for one year. They are always thorough and great listeners.

Fatima Sheikh

Easy to talk to and thorough, making for a really good experience overall.

Sanket K

The doctor was very thorough and spent time listening to me as well as conducting a complete exam. She clearly cares about her patients. I am very confident in her

Swati Verma
Swati Verma

In November 2014, I had the privilege to visit Shanti Home Psychiatric Care and Rehabilitation Center. I was very keen on this visit and it was a very pleasant experience for me. The Rehab home is very well equipped with trained staff, a fully functional kitchen serving nutritious meals (planned by nutritionist) to residents, surrounded by a well-maintained garden. The center has lots of activities and the daily schedule is carefully planned to provide stimulation to enhance cognition, expedite healing, teaching vocational skills so that after discharge from home the person is able to fulfill a useful role in society. Activities also included personality and linguistic skills development along with yoga, aerobics, etc. skillful use of music therapy; physiotherapy, etc. has also been incorporated. I was very happy to see the availability of doctors round the clock which ensured proper medical care. Skilled psychologists, psychotherapists, and Occupational Therapists are providing their best under the guidance of learned and eminent psychiatrists from Delhi. But the thing which made the biggest impact on my mind and heart was the human touch at the center which could be seen in the overall attitude of the staff and the environment of the rehab home. I was pleasantly surprised that even the supporting staff was attending to residents with respect and was trying their best to put a smile on residents’ faces. And then I realized why it can truly be called a (rehab) HOME. Thank you for giving me the opportunity to visit this home and spending a few hours with its loving family

Dr Rashmi Moghe Hirave

Our son was suffering from Schizophrenia, and depression and was a chain smoker. We had been to many psychiatrists, psychologists, and healers over the last six years. Finally, we admitted him in Shanti Home, Greater Noida. His recovery has been phenomenal in just three months and our son seems a ‘totally new person to us. We owe deep gratitude to the team under Dr. Rupali for providing us hope when all around us was gloomy. We have cherished our relationship with Shanti Home and with each of the doctors, psychologists, and all. While we will still be coming back regularly for counseling, the bond of trust will be everlasting. Thanks again to the entire team and with best wishes.

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